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M.E.T.T.S. - Consulting Engineers > White Papers on Energy, the Environment, Water, Risk Management and Counter-Terrorism

White Papers on Energy, the Environment, Water, Risk Management and Counter-Terrorism

M.E.T.T.S. has produced a selection of positional papers. These can be viewed at this site, and quoted and used for academic and other research purposes, providing that attribution is clearly given to the author(s).

NEW! Helium: will it be the next mineral to boom in Australia?
Helium is a strategic mineral that is presently produced in Australia as a by-product of natural gas liquefaction. There are, however, other potential natural gas resources of helium that have higher raw concentrations of helium than that presently being processed. This white paper discusses such potential resources in terms of their geological occurrence and separation/recovery technologies.

Energy Security in Australia
An extract (by Dr. Mike Clarke and Dr. Duncan Seddon) from the book Next Generation Disaster and Security Management. This book can be purchased here.

Low Rank Coal/Lignite Upgrading Technologies

Although high rank thermal coal prices have significantly decreased during 2012-2013, there is still interest in low rank coal for securing long-term fuel cost reductions, utilising indigenous fuel to save foreign exchange and high rank coal conservation.

Cleaning Underground Coal Gasification Synthesis Gas, Prospects and Challenges

Slideshow presentation.

Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) and Coal-to-Liquids (CTL): New Energy Resources with Major Liquid Fuel Security Ramifications
Australia is running out of liquid transport fuels. In this paper, presented at the Future Liquid Fuels for Australia seminar (Institution of Engineers, Australia, Brisbane, September 20, 2011), Mike Clarke reviews available unconventional fuel sources, and discusses their conversion into liquid transport fuels and their role in meeting Australia's future energy needs. [PDF document]

Lignite: A New, Dedicated Approach
Lignite, being a fuel with a relatively low energy content, requires dedicated conversion technology for power generation to efficiently utilise its energy whilst minimising carbon emissions. The technology requirements include pre-preparation of the lignite fuel and thence compatible combustion systems. This paper examine one such system.

Coming to Grips with Carbon Capture and Storage
The world fossil fuel power industry needs to come to grips with the reality (political and possibly scientific) of having new plant carbon capture ready. A roadmap, that can be applied to specific situations, is required that provides a framework to achieving carbon capture readines. This paper discussed the essential features of such a roadmap.

Power Generation Systems: Matching Capacity, Load and System Requirements for Cleaner, Adequate, Secure, Reliable and Affordable Energy Supply
Across and within different economies there is need for power generation plants that match specific requirements for capacity and meeting the base, intermediate and peak load requirements. Developing economies have different needs to developed economies, whilst the desire for renewable (carbon neutral) energy has seen the proliferation of small and distributed generation schemes in both developing and developed economies. This paper examines some of the challenges in matching divergent generation systems and various ways of meeting those challenges.

NEW! Liquified Natural Gas (LPG) Carbon Footprints and Development of Methodologies for CDM Estimation and Verification
Natural Gas (NG) is promoted as an intermediate fuel between the traditional fossil fuels (oil and coal) and renewable energies in terms of its carbon intensity and footprint. In LNG project proposals where the reduction in emissions is coming from improvements in fugitive emissions management, then monitoring that provides sufficient certainty over business-as-usual emissions should provide eligibility for the creation of carbon credits.

Hybrid VAM and Coal Waste Fired Power Generation
A coal-fired power generation system that reduces the overall greenhouse footprint of coal mining and conserves virgin coal.

Clean Coal Technology and Enhanced Oil Recovery - Matches and Mismatches
Clean coal technology and enhanced oil recovery from a resource perspective.

UCG-CSM Interrelationships and Synergies
Underground coal gasification and coal seam methane: what are the synergies?

Coal: Does it have a Future in the Face of the Nuclear Challenge?
Will coal meet the nuclear challenge?

The Ethics of Kyoto
An examination of the science and politics behind the Kyoto Protocol.

Business Continuity Management and the Terrorist Threat
Strategies for the circumvention of a terrorist incident by business and government.

Bushfire, Storms and Soil Erosion. A. P. Hammond and M. C. Clarke.
Risk management in controlled burning practices.

The Missing Link in Clean Coal Technology: the Proper Use of Waste Coal as an Environmental Measure.
The use of colliery wastes in power generation.

The Realities of Solutions to the Energy Question. Are Renewable and Sustainable Options Practical?

Cyanide Usage in the Gold Mining Industry Under Wet Tropical Conditions Bryne Ansin Morna, SMAusIMM and M. C. Clarke.

It's No Bed of Roses: The Development of an EMS for Weed Management at Binna Burra Mountain Lodge, Lamington National Park. Kerry Yates, FCPA and M. C. Clarke.

Energy For and From the Northern Territory (Australia)
A brief review of some energy and infrastructure options for the Northern Territory.

The Use of Risk Management Tools in Countering the Terrorist Threat
Some strategies for countering terrorism by analysing the terrorist threat are presented, whilst Philippine terrorism is used as an example of a multi-directional threat that has proved awkward to counter.

Engineering and Terrorism: their Interrelationships
A review of the threat from increasing technically literate terrorists.

A Rejoinder to Dr. Paul Connett, Greenpeace
A letter published in Inside Waste, Issue 1, May 2004.

Desalination and Power Generation
A paper presented at the Water Management in Power Generation Conference, Brisbane, Australia, June 2006.

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Radiant Tube Technology
Biodegradable Ordnance
Wastes Processing & Management
Spontaneous Combustion of Coal

Bataan Nuclear Reactor: Conversion Options to Fossil Fuel
Conversion of Oil Fired Power Stations to Coal
Solid Waste Combustion with Power Generation
Gas-to-Liquids with Power Co-Production

NEW! Helium: Next Mineral to Boom in Australia?
Energy Security in Australia
Low Rank Coal/Lignite Upgrading Technologies
Cleaning UCG Synthesis Gas
GTL and CTL: New Energy Resources for Australia
Lignite: A New, Dedicated Approach
Carbon Capture and Storage
Power Generation Systems & Reliable Supply
LNG Carbon Footprints and CDM
Hybrid VAM and Coal Waste Fired Power Generation
Clean Coal Technology & Enhanced Oil Recovery

UCG-CSM Interrelationships and Synergies
Business Continuity Management and the Terrorist Threat
The Missing Link in Clean Coal Technology
The Realities of Solutions to the Energy Question
Energy for and from the Northern Territory (Australia)
Countering Terrorism Using Risk Management Tools
Engineering and Terrorism
Desalination and Power Generation
Full List of White Papers



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